COLUMBUS MONUMENTS PAGES

Biographies of Persons related to Columbus
with reference to the monuments where they are depicted

This page was begun in May 2006 and does not (yet) included references to all pages. Also the biographies have to be worked out.

Alexander VI, Pope
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Balboa, Vasco Núñez de, Spanish discover of the Pacific Ocean.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Bobadilla (Bovadilla), Beatriz Fernández de, Marquesa de Moya, personal friend and lady-in-waiting of Queen Isabella, was married to Andrés de Cabrera, the Marquis de Moya, and used her influence as the Queen's confidante to plead the cause of Christopher Columbus. Throughout the eight years that Columbus sought funding for his enterprise, the Marquessa remained one of his most avid supporters. (She was not the Lady Governor of Gomera, as stated in several literature following the lead of Henry Harisse and Samuel Eliot. That was her sister Eleanora de Bobadilla).
Portrait: Barcelona

Boïl, Fray Bernat de (1455-1505).
Statue: Barcelona

Cabrera, Andrés de, Marqués de Moya, mayordomo of king Henry IV, married Beatriz de Bobadilla (q.v.),
Portrait: Barcelona

Charles VIII, King of France.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Columbus, Bartholomew, Christopher's brother, lieutenant-governor of the Indies.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Deza, Fray Diego de (1443-1523), ,
Monument: Salamanca (San Esteban)
Portrait: Salamanca

Ferdinand V, called The Catholic (1452-1516), King of Castile (1474-1504); as Ferdinand II he was also King of Sicily (1468-1516) and of Aragón (1479-1516); as Ferdinand III, King of Naples (1504-1516). He was the son of King John II of Aragón. He married in 1469 to his cousin Isabella I, Queen of Castile.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)
Portrait: Barcelona
Washington (Union Station)

Ferrer de Blanes, Jaime (1445-1526), Catalan cartographer.
Statue: Barcelona

Henry VII(1445-1526), King of England, patron of navigation, who agreed with Columbus's theory.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Isabella I (1451-1504), Queen of Castile, called la Católica ("the Catholic"). She was the daughter of John II of Castile and León by his second wife, Isabella of Portugal.
Portrait: Barcelona
Washington (Union Station)
Statues: Madrid (Cuba monument)
Medina del Campo
Navalcarnero
Washington (OAS)
Washington (Capitol doors)
Plaquettes: Madrigal de las Altas Torres (Convento Agustinas)

John II, King of Portugal.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Marchena, Fray Antonio de, cosmographer in the convent of La Rábida. Marchena played an important role in shaping Columbus’ plans by pointing him in the direction of the writings of the ancients and of church authorities who were known to support the idea of a westward crossing of the ocean. Through Marchena, Columbus was introduced to powerful noblemen as well.
The historian Francisco Lopez Gomara in 1552 seems to have started the blunder, copied by almost every subsequent writer on the subject, of making the two names Perez and Marchena serve to describe one and the same person by speaking of the Father Guardian of La Rábida as Father Juan Perez de Marchena.
Portrait: Barcelona
Mentioned: Madrid (Plaza de Colón)

Margarit, Captain Pedro Bertran i de (1455-1505).
Statue: Barcelona

Mendoza, Pedro Gonzales de, Archbishop of Toledo and Grand Cardinal of Spain
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Ojeda, Alonzo, Spanish adventurer who accompanied Columbus to the New World.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Pérez, Fray Juan (d. before 1513), guardian of the convent of La Rábida and former confessor of Queen Isabella I. He persuaded Columbus not to leave Spain without consulting Queen Isabella, when he arrived in 1584/85 at La Rábida, determined to submit his plan to the King of France.
(See note to Marchena).
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)
Portrait: Barcelona
Mentioned: Madrid (Plaza de Colón)

Pinzón, Martin Alonso (1441-1493), shipowner and captain of the Pinta.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)
Portrait: Barcelona

Pinzón, Vicente Yañez, brother of Martin and captain of the Niña.
Portrait: Barcelona

Pizarro, Francisco, explorer.
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)

Quintanilla, Alonso de , contador mayor de Castilla, hospedó a Colón, gratuitamente en su casa.
Mentioned: Madrid (Plaza de Colón)

Santángel Bessant, Luis de .
Statue: Barcelona
Mentioned: Madrid (Plaza de Colón)

Toscanelli, Paolo dal Pozzo (1397-1482), Mathematician, astronomer, and cosmographer. Toscanelli had a thorough knowledge of the writings of Ptolemy, he had studied the travels of Marco Polo, and had gained personal information from merchants and seamen, above all from the Italian traveller Nicolo Conti. All that he had thus learned had brought him to the conviction that the transverse extent of Europe and Asia covered nearly two-thirds of the earth, that is 230 degrees of latitude, so that the western route across the ocean could only cover 130 degrees. For a half century the Portuguese had sought to sail around Africa towards the east. Toscanelli seems to have made them repeated proposals as to the possibility of a western route, without, however, being able to convince the Portuguese of the feasibility of his theory.
Portrait: Chicago (Grant Park)

Vespucci, Amerigo.
Portrait: Chicago (Grant Park)
Statue: Washington (Capitol doors)