Statues - Hither & Thither

Germany
Köln
Stadt Köln

Nordrhein-Westfalen

Komödienstraße / Burgmauer

Römerbrunnen

Roman Fountain

Franz Brantzky
1915/1955

Köln /  Römerbrunnen   Köln /  Römerbrunnen

Description

The 1915 Fountain

The fountain was erected in 1910-1915 after the design and with sculptures by Franz Brantzky. It consisted of a double column with a statue of the she-wolf and between the both column relief portraits of six Roman emperors. Surrounding the column was a semicircular wall with nine reliefs with scenes from life in the Roman town of Cologne.

  1. Geburt der Agrippina / Agrippina's birth
  2. Krieg / War
  3. Städtebau / Town building
  4. Gladiatore und Tierkämpfe / Gladiators and Animal fights
  5. Recht / Justice
  6. Rassenmischung / Miscegenation
  7. Kunst und Wissenschaft / Art and Sciences
  8. Religion
  9. Fest der Isis / Feast of Isis
On the back side of the wall are two reliefs stones with each three portraits of emperors. Also a text stone was present with the text:

AUF DEN FUNDAMENTEN D. ROEMISCHEN NORDMAUER ERRICHTETE DER COELNER VERSCHOENERUNGSVEREIN DIESES DENKMAL IM JAHRE 1915 ZUR ERINNERUNG AN DIE GRUENDUNG DER COLONIA CLAUDIA AUGUSTA AGRIPPINENS I. JAHRE 50 NACH CHRISTUS.
On the foundations of the Roman north wall the Kölner Verschönerungsverein erected this monument in 1915 in memory of the foundation of the Colonia Claudia Augusta Agrippinensi in the year 50 after Christ.

Above the nine reliefs was the quote about the foundation of the town from Tacitus (Annales XII, 27, 1):

Sed Agrippina quo vim suam sociis quoque nationibus ostentaret in oppidum Vbiorum, in quo genita erat, veteranos coloniamque deduci impetrat, cui nomen inditum e vocabulo ipsius. Ac forte acciderat ut eam gentem Rhenum transgressam avus Agrippa in fidem accideret.
(Agrippina, to show her power even to the allied nations, procured the despatch of a colony of veterans to the chief town of the Ubii, where she was born. The place was named after her. Agrippa, her grandfather, had, as it happened, received this tribe, when they crossed the Rhine, under our protection.

This monument was almost completely destroyed in World War II.

The 1955 Reconstruction

In 1955 the monument was reconstructed in a different way by Karl Band in 1955, making use of the preserved parts: three of the reliefs were completely destroyed, one was heavily damages. In the present monument there are only six reliefs. These reliefs, and the portrait reliefs of the emperors are now placed in a brick wall resembling the old Roman city wall with a semicircular part. In the semicircular part stands the double column with a statue of a she-wolf.

On the left part are portrait reliefs, first the six separate portraits which were originally on the double-column with the wolf:

    Köln - Römerbrunnen
    1
    Köln - Römerbrunnen
    2
    Köln - Römerbrunnen
    3

    The 'founders' of Cologne:

  1. avgvstvs Augustus (63 BC - 14 AD), founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, 27 BC-14AD. (Wikipedia)
  2. agrippi[na] Julia Agrippina (15/16-59), Roman Empress (Wikipedia).
  3. clavdivs Claudius (10 BC - 54 AD), Roman Emperor, 41-54
    (Wikipedia).

    Köln - Römerbrunnen
    4
    Köln - Römerbrunnen
    5
    Köln - Römerbrunnen
    6

    Three emperors from the 2nd century, the heyday of the Roman Empire:

  4. [traian] Traianus / Trajan (53-117 AD), Roman Emperor 98-117 (Wikipedia).
  5. hadrian Hadrianus / Hadrian (76-138 AD), Roman Emperor 117-138 (Wikipedia).
  6. antoni[nus] Antoninus Pius (86-161 AD), Roman Emperor 138-161 (Wikipedia).

    From the backside of the wall two stones with each three portraits of emperors from the 3rd and 4th centuries:

  7. One relief with three portraits:

  8. One relief with three portraits:
On the semicircular and right part of the wall are six of the nine reliefs showing scenes from life in Roman Cologne. the first, third and fourth are lost, Tacitus' quote is therefore incomplete):

sociis qvoqve nationibvs osten
Köln - Römerbrunnen
Krieg / War
A Roman soldier on a horse fights with a Germanic warrior
qve dedvci impetrat cvi nomen
Köln - Römerbrunnen
Recht / Justice
The governor of Germania inferior, residing in Cologne, and his staff at a court hearing
inditvm e vocabvlo ipsivs ac
Köln - Römerbrunnen
Rassenmischung / Miscegenation
A Roman soldier says goodbye to his German wife and children.
forte acciderat vt eam gen
Köln - Römerbrunnen
Kunst und Wissenschaft / Art and Sciences
Minerva (left) accompanied by Architecture (center, with temple model), Sculpture/Painting (women standing next Minerva), Philosophy (old man) and Music (woman with lyra)
tem rheno transgressam a
Köln - Römerbrunnen
Religion
Left a Christian baptism; right a pagan animal sacrifice
vvs agrippa in fidem accideret
Köln - Römerbrunnen
Fest der Isis / Feast of Isis

Information Sign

franz brantzky
1871-1945
römerbrunnen
1915

Kölner Verschönerungsverein, 1910/1915

Köln - Römerbrunnen

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Augustus (emperor)
  • Baptism
  • Brantzky, Franz
  • Claudius (emperor)
  • Constantine the Great
  • Family
  • Fountain
  • Governor
  • Hadrianus (emperor)
  • Helena, St.
  • Isis
  • Maximinus Thrax (emperor)
  • Music (allegory)
  • Philosophy
  • Postumus, Marcus Cassianius Latinius
  • Sculpting
  • Severus Alexander (emperor)
  • Soldier (Roman)
  • Theodosius I (emperor)
  • Traianus, Marcus Ulpius
  • Wolf
  • Location N 50°56'28" E 6°57'4"

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: denw524; Photograph: 14 May 2016
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt