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Praça do Marquês de Pombal

Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal

Monument for the Marquis of Pombal

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquês de Pombal
Lisboa 1699 - Pombal 1782
Portuguese statesman, responsible for the rebuilding of Lisbon after the 1755 earthquake
(Wikipedia)
Various sculptors
1934

Lisboa /  Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal   Lisboa /  Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal

Description

Large monument with as the main element a 40 m high column with a bronze statue of the Marquis the Pombal accompanied by a lion, symbolizing strength, determination and royalty.

Portraits

The capital of the column is adorned with portrait medaillons, representing the main collaborators of Pombal. On the front and back with one portrait, and on the sides each with three portraits.

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal

machado de castro
Joaquim Machado de Castro (Coimbra 1731 - Lisboa 1822), Portuguese sculptor (Wikipedia).

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal

luis verney - conde de lippe - seabra da silva
Luís António Verney (Lisboa 1713 - Roma 1792), Portuguese philosopher, theologian, priest, teacher and writer (Wikipedia).
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Graf zu Schaumburg-Lippe (London 1724 - Wölpinghausen 1777), German military commander, a.o. he led in 1762 the allied troops in Portugal against the Spanish invasion (Wikipedia).
José de Seabra da Silva (Coimbra 1732 - Lisboa 1813), Portuguese statesman and minister (Wikipedia).

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal

ribeiro sanches
António Nunes Ribeiro Sanches (Pernamacor 1699 - Paris 1783), Portuguese physician, philosopher and encyclopédiste (Wikipedia).

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal

eugenio dos santos - d. luis da cunha - manuel da maya
Eugénio dos Santos de Carvalho (Aljubarrotta 1711 - Lisboa 1760), Portuguese architect and military engineer, responsible for the planning and rebuilding of Lisbon's Lower Town after the 1755 earthquake (Wikipedia).
D. Luís da Cunha (Lisboa 1662 - Paris 1749), Portuguese diplomat who served under D. João V of Portugal (Wikipedia).
Manuel da Maia (Lisboa 1677 - Lisboa 1768), Portuguese architect and engineer, primarily remembered for his leadership in the reconstruction efforts following the 1755 Lisbon earthquake (Wikipedia).

Inscriptions

Below these portraits are on each face of the column the dedications and lists of Pombal's reforms:

AO
GENIAL ESTADISTA

sebastião josé de carvalho
e melo

(coat-of-arms)

MARQUÊS de POMBAL

a pátria

reconhecida

mcmxxxiv

REFORMAS
economico-administrativas


ressurcimento do comercio nacional
criacão e protecção de numerosas
industrias
modernização e fomento agricola
nacionalização da marinha mercante
restauração do crédito nacional
valorização das colonias
tratados de comércio
rascamento de vias de comunicação
organização da fazenda
pública
reedificação de lisboa

REFORMAS
da instrução


criação de numerosas
escolas
primárias gratuitas
fundação da primeira
escola de comércio
instalação de escolas
para o ensino
secundário e profissional
reforma do ensino superior
colégio dos nobres
universidade de coimbra
protecção ás
artes

REFORMAS
político-sociais


expulsão dos jesuitas
abolição da escravatura em portugal
emancipação dos índios do brasil
repressão dos abusos da aristocracia
nobilitação das classes laboriosas
extinção dos desicualdades
entre cristãos velhos e novos
renovação das leis e da
jurisprudência
exaltação do presticio nacional
reorganização do exército e da armada
oposição á invasão estrangeira

TO
THE GREAT STATESMAN

Sebastião José de Carvalho
e Melo

(coat-of-arms)

MARQUIS of POMBAL

The fatherland

in recognition

1934

Economic-administrative
Reforms


Resurgence of national trade
Creation and protection of numerous
industries
Modernization and agricultural development
Nationalization of the merchant navy
Restoration of national credit
Valuation of colonies
Trade treaties
Scratching of communication routes
Organization of public farms
Rebuilding of Lisbon

Educational
Reforms


Creation of numerous
free primary
schools
Foundation of the first
trade school
Installation of a school
for teaching
Secondary and professional
higher education reform
College of the nobles
Coimbra University
Protection of
Arts

Political-social
Reforms


Expulsion of the Jesuits
Abolition of slavery in Portugal
Emancipation of the Indians of Brazil
Repression of abuses of the aristocracy
Nobilitation of working classes
Extinction of inequalities
between old and new Christians
Renewal of laws and
jurisprudence
Exaltation of the national
reorganization of the army and navy
Opposition to foreign invasion

Allegories

The base is surrounded by several allegorical figures, in the front the rebuilding of Lisbon and on the three other sides representations of the reforms listed above.

Front: The rebuilding of Lisbon

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
Personification of Lisbon
Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
Ship's figurehead
Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
Octopus
Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
Fighting a dragon
Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
Ruins of the Earthquake

A female personification of the city of Lisbon on a pedestal with the Lisbon coat of arms. This pedestal stands on a boat with as figurehead a male figure with the coat of arms of Portugal. To the left of the boat is a figure fighting a dragon (the Earthquake of 1744?), to the right a figure emerging from ruins. In front is an octopus.

Right: Agriculture

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
Stone sculpture group showing a farmer and his wife plowing, and figures sheafs of corn and a basket with grapes.

Back: Education

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
A bronze statue of Minerva in front of a classical building symbolizing the University of Coimbra.

Left: Trade

Lisboa - Monumento ao Marquês de Pombal
Stone sculpture group showing a a group of man with a horse pulling a heavy loaded boat to the beach.

Signature

Aos 13 dias de maio de 1926
sendo Pres. da Republica Portuguesa
o Dr. BERNARDINO L. MACHADO GUIMARÃES
Pres. da Cam. Municipal de Lisboa
AUG. CESAR de MAC. PEIXOTO
Pres. da Com. Exec. deste Monumento
o Dr. S. de MAGALHÃES LIMA
se assentou este Primeira Pedra

Autores
Adães Bermudes, arquitecto
Antonio do Couto, arquitecto
Francisco dos Santos, estatuario
Colaboradores
Leopoldo d'Almeida, estatuario
Simões d'Almeide, estatuario

Aos 13 dias de maio de 1934
sendo Pres. da Republica Portuguesa
o General Antonio O. de F. Carmona
Pres. da Cam. Mun. o Ten. Cor. H. Linhares de Lima
e presidindo o General E.M. Vieira da Rocha
à Comissao Executiva do Monumento
foi êste entregue ao Municipio de Lisboa

On the 13th day of May, 1926
being Pres. of the Portuguese Republic
o Dr. BERNARDINO L. MACHADO GUIMARÃES
Pres. of the Lisbon Municipal Chamber
AUG. CESAR de MAC. PEIXOTO
Pres. of the Exec. Comittee of this Monument
o Dr. S. de MAGALHÃES LIMA
this first stone was laid

Authors
Adães Bermudes, architect
Antonio do Couto, architect
Francisco dos Santos, sculptor
Colaboradores
Leopoldo d'Almeida, sculptor
Simões d'Almeide, sculptor

On the 13th day of May, 1934
being Pres. of the Portuguese Republic
General Antonio O. de F. Carmona
Pres. of Mun. Chamber Lt. Cor. H. Linhares de Lima
and presiding General E.M. Vieira da Rocha
by the Executive Committee of the Monument
it was delivered to the Municipality of Lisbon

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Diplomat
  • Dragon
  • Farmer
  • General
  • Lisboa (personification)
  • Machado de Castro, Joaquim
  • Maia, Manuel da
  • Octopus
  • Patron goddess
  • Philosopher
  • Physician
  • Plowman
  • Politician
  • Politician
  • Pombal, Marquis of
  • Ribeiro Sanches, António Nunes
  • Santos de Carvalho, Eugénio dos
  • Santos, Francisco dos
  • Schaumburg-Lippe, Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Graf zu
  • Sculptor
  • Seabra da Silva, José de
  • Ship / boat
  • Simões de Almeida (sobrinho), José
  • Statue on column
  • Theologian
  • Trade (allegorical figure)
  • Verney, Luís António
  • Locatie (N 38°43'30" - W 9°8'59")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: ptli035; Photograph: 28 August 2017
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt