Statues - Hither & Thither

Austria
Wien
Wien (Land)

Heldenplatz (1.)
(Neue Hofburg)

Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte

Figures in Austrian History

Various sculptors
1901

Wien /  Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte   Wien /  Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte

Description

Twenty statues on the façade of the Neue Burg. This part of the Hofburg is built after designs by Gottfried Semper und Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer for Emperor Franz Joseph I.

The statues on the façade facing the Heldenplatz were erected between 1895 and 1901 after a plan by the art historian Albert Ilg (1847-1896).

"Originally, Hasenauer, who died in 1894, planned 20 Habsburg statues, but Hofburg committee ultimately followed the idea of Rudolf Freiherr v. Breisky by illustrating with a through a typical figure the most significant periods in Austrian history, starting from the Marcomanni to the Tyrolean freedom wars. Nevertheless, the basis of Hasenauer's program was followed, 'to which extent the rulers and civic virtues are symbolized, partly the history of the monarchy, and the main branches of its inhabitants are represented'. A milestone in the history of Austria is the successful defense of Vienna in 1683 against the Turks, which is why this event was symbolized by two statues. … A total of 17 well-known artists, among them Kundmann, Bitterlich, Scherpe, Hofmann v. Aspernburg, Weyr, Hugo Haerdtl (Härdtl), Břenek and Silbernagl have collaborared in this statue program – which was erected in 1901" (Stieglitz & Zeillinger, p. 243).

Left wing, from left to right:

(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)

Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte
Markomanne
Marcomannus

Germanic tribe in the Danube region in de 2nd century AD, oldest known inhabitants of the region.

Sculptor: Hans Scherpe
Römischer Legionär
Roman legionary

The celtic kingdom of Noricum (the region of Austria and Slovenia) was made a Roman province

Sculptor: Wilhelm Seib
Signed: seib
Bajuware
Bavarius

After the fall of the Roman Empire the area was invaded by the Bavarians, a Germanic tribe

Sculptor: Anton Břenek
Glaubensprediger
Missionary

Christianization, depicted is probably St. Severinus of Noricum, 5th century.

Sculptor: Carl Kundmann
Slawe
Slav

Holding a plow, referring to Přemysl, the Ploughman, mythical ancestor of the Přemyslid dynasty, which ruled Bohemia since 873.

Sculptor: Johann Koloc
Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte
Fränkischer Gaugraf
Frankish Count

Founding of the Ostmark by Charlemagne, ruled by the counts of the House of Babenberg, 976-1248

Sculptor: Edmund von Hellmer
Magyare
Magyar or Hungarian

End of the 9th century the Magyars entered the Carpathian Basin. Depicted is probably the Magyar chieftain Lehel, one of the most important figures of the Magyar invasions of Europe

Sculptor: Rudolf Weyr
Kreuzfahrer
Crusader

In the 13th century a crusading force from Austria and Hungary joined the forces of the king of Jerusalem to take back Jerusalem

Sculptor: Viktor Tilgner
Seefahrer
Navigator

Navigation, referring to the acquisition of Triest in 1382 and to Venice.

Sculptor: Josef Valentin Kassin (Wikipedia) or Hans Bitterlich (Stieglitz & Zeillinger)
Ritter in Prachtrüstung
Knight in armour

Prosperity of chivalry

Sculptor: Stefan Schwartz
Signed: St. Schwartz

Right wing, from left to right:

Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte
Magister
Scholar

Founding of the universities of Prague (1348) and Vienna (1365)


Sculptor: Edmund Hofmann von Aspernburg
Burgundischer Kaufherr
Burgundian Merchant

Acquisition of the Burgundian Lands, including the trade centers of Brugge and Gent (1482)

Sculptor: Hugo Haerdtl
Signed: H. Haerdtl 1898

Stadtbürger
Citizen

In his arm a shield with the emblems of craft workers; prosperity of the citizens.

Sculptor: Emmerich Alexius Swoboda von Wikingen
Signed: ea. swoboda / 1899
Bergmann
Miner

Development of the mining in Carinthia and Bohemia.

Sculptor: Werner David
Signed: w. david
Maximilianischer Landsknecht
Maximilian Soldier

Beginning of a permanent army under emperor Maximilian I (1493-1519)

Sculptor: Anton Schmidgruber
Signed: A. Schmidgruber 1898
Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte Wien - Gestalten der österreichischen Geschichte
Wallensteinischer Soldat
Wallenstein Soldier

Soldier of the Thirty Years' War (1618-48) under Albrecht von Wallenstein (1583-1634)

Sculptor: Franz Koch
Pole
Polak

Soldier from the army of king John III Sobieski of Poland, defender of Vienna 1683

Sculptor: Anton Břenek
Signed: a. brenek
Bewaffneter Wiener Bürger
Armed Citizen of Vienna

Defender of Vienna during the Turkish Siege of 1683

Sculptor: Richard Kauffungen
Bauer mit gebrochener Ketten
Farmer with broken chains

Abolition of Serfdom, 1848 (or referring to Joseph II's patents of 1781)

Sculptor: Anton Paul Wagner
Tiroler Landesverteidiger
Tyrolian Defender

During the war with the French, 1809

Sculptor: Johann Silbernagl

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Haerdtl, Hugo
  • Hellmer, Edmund von
  • History Sculpture
  • Hofmann von Aspernburg, Edmund
  • Kassin, Josef Valentin
  • Kauffungen, Richard
  • Knight
  • Koch, Franz
  • Koloc, Johann
  • Kundmann, Carl
  • Magyar
  • Marcomannus
  • Merchant
  • Miner
  • Missionary
  • Navigator
  • Polak
  • Scherpe, Hans
  • Schmidgruber, Anton
  • Scholar / scientist
  • Schwartz, Stefan
  • Seib, Wilhelm
  • Silbernagl, Johann
  • Slav
  • Soldier (Roman)
  • Soldier
  • Swoboda von Wikingen, Emmerich Alexius
  • Tilgner, Viktor
  • Wagner, Anton Paul
  • Weyr, Rudolf
  • Locatie (N 48°12'19" - E 16°21'53")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: atwi113; Photograph: 10 September 2012
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt