Statues - Hither & Thither

Switzerland
Genève
Genève (Canton)

Parc des Bastions

Monument international de la Réformation

International Monument to the Reformation

commonly known as: Mur des Reformateurs - Reformatiion Wall
Paul Landowski & Henri Bouchard
1909

Genève /  Monument international de la Réformation

Description

The monument honours many of the main individuals, events, and documents of the Protestant Reformation by depicting them in statues and bas-reliefs.
The Wall is in the grounds of the University of Geneva, which was founded by John Calvin, and was built to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Calvin's birth and the 350th anniversary of the university's establishment. It is built into the old city walls of Geneva, and the monument's location there is designed to represent the fortifications', and therefore the city of Geneva's, integral importance to the Reformation.

At the centre of the monument, four 5 m-tall statues of Calvinism's main proponents are depicted. To the left and right of these central statues are six 3 m-tall statues alternated with eight important texts and reliefs in relation the the depicted person. Along the wall, to either side of the central statues, is engraved the motto of both the Reformation and Geneva: Post Tenebras Lux (After darkness, light). On the central statues' pedestal is engraved a Christogram: ΙΗΣ.

(click on the thumbnails and photos for enlargements in separate windows.)

  POST TENE 9
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
BRAS LVX  
1
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
2
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3
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4
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
5
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7
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8
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
10
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
11
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
12
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
13
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
14
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15
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
16
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
17
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs

1536 – 1602

At both ends are the years 1536 and 1602 with texts.
#1 and #17
1536

ΙΗΣ

le 21 mai 1536
LE PEVPLE DE GENÈVE

assemblé en conseil général
a ratifié les édits de réformation
et décrété l'instrvction pvbliqve
obligatoire

1602

ΙΗΣ

le 12 décembre 1602
LE PEVPLE DE GENÈVE

a repovsse l'escalade tentée
par le dvc de savoie et assvre
son indépendance politiqve
et religievse

The four central statues

#9
CALVIN

FAREL    

Genève - Mur des Reformateurs BEZE

    KNOX

ΙΗΣ

Guillaume Farel
(Gap, France 1489 - Canton Neuchâtel 1565)
French evangelist, and a founder of the Reformed Church in the cantons of Neuchâtel, Berne, Geneva, and Vaud in Switzerland (Wikipedia).
Jean Calvin
(Noyon 1509 - Genève 1564)
French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation (Wikipedia).
Théodore de Bèze (Theodorus Beza)
(Vezelay, France 1519 - Genève 1605)
French Protestant Christian theologian and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation (Wikipedia).
John Knox
(in or near Haddington, East Lothian, c. 1514 - Edinburgh 1572)
Scottish clergyman and a leader of the Protestant Reformation who is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination in Scotland (Wikipedia).

On the sides of the pedestal and on the wall next to the pedestal are the texts:
Institutio
Religionis
Christianae
1559

revnion dv synode
général de paris
fondation de
l'vniversité et college
de genève

1559

signatvre dv
covenant de perth
première prédication
de la réforme
a st giles d'édimbovrg

Academia
Genevensis

The statues and the Reliefs

To the left and right of the central statues are six 3 m-tall statues alternated with eight important texts and reliefs showing events related to the statue next to it. They have a caption below and the names of the depicted persons written in the borders. Above the relief in large letters a quotation is written.

#2 #3
Wir Friedrich Wilhelm… thvn kvnd nachdem die
harten Verfolgvngen womit man eine zeithero in dem
Koenigreich Frankreich wider vnsere der evangelisch
reformierten Religion zvgethane Glavbens-genossen verfah-
ren. viel Familien veranlasset avs selbigen Koenigreiche
hinweg in andere Lande sich zv begeben, dass Wir dannenher
avs gerechtem Mitleiden bewogen werden denenselben
eine sichere vnd freye Retraitte in alle vnser Lande vnd
Provincien in Gnaden zy offeriren - Potsdam Edikt 1685 -
plvtôt qve de
laisser ces pavvres
gens sans secovrs
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs on vendra ma
vaisseille d'argent
fred. gvillavme
a grvmbkow
l'electevr de brandebovrg, dvc de prvsse
accveillé dans ses états les réfvgiés francais
victimes de la revocation de l'édit de nantes
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs - 124-125 514
FRED GVILLAVME
LE GRAND ELECTEVR
Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg
(Cölln an der Spree 1620 - Potsdam 1688)
Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia - and thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia - from 1640 until his death (Wikipedia).

The text is a part of the Edict of Potsdam, 29 October 1685 (Full text, PDF).

#4 #5
d'ondersaten en zyn niet van godt ghe
schapen tot behoef van den Prince om hem in
alles wat hy beveelt weder het goddelick oft
ongoddelick recht oft onrecht is onderdanigh
te wesen ende als slaven te dienen. maere den Prince
om d'ondersaten wille sonder dewelcke hy egeen Prince
en is om deselve met recht ende redene te regeeren
embrassons ensem-
ble la défense de
ce bon pevple
l'espere moyennant
vostre aide et la grace
de diev laqvelle i'ay
sentie si sovvent par
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs ci devant et choses
si perplexes qve ce qvi
sera par vovs resolv
Ie le maintiendray
gvillavme prince
d'orange avs états
generavx
le 26 jvillet 1581 les etats généravx revnies a la haye adoptent
la déclaration d'indenpendance des provinces vnies
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
GVILLAVME
LE TACITVRNE
Willem I van Oranje-Nassau
William the Silent
(Dillenburg 1533 - Delft 1584)
main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish (Wikipedia).

The text is a part of the 'Plakkaat van Verlatinghe', the declaration of independance of the Netherlands from 26 July 1581 (Full text).

#6 #7
Maintenant qv'il plait a diev commencer à
novs faire jovir de qvelqve meillevr repos, Novs
avons estimé ne le povvoir mievx employer qv'à
vacqver à ce qvi pevt concerner la gloire de son
sainct nom et service et à povrvoir qv'il pvisse etre
adoré et prié par tovs noz svbjects. Et s'il ne luy a
plv permettre qve ce soit povr encore en vne meme
forme et religion, qve ce soit av moins d'vne meme intention
assevrez messievrs
de geneve qve je ne
qvitte roy jamais mes
anciens servitevrs
povr de novveavx
amys lesqvels je ne
cognois encor bien
et encor qve novs
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs ne soyez mes svbjects
je vovs maintiendroy
comme si pestoy
vostre pere
dernieres paroles
d'henri iv a l'envoye
de geneve le matin
dv 14 mai 1610
henri iv roi de france et de navarre
signe l'edit de nantes le 13 avril 1598
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
COLIGNY
Gaspard de Coligny
Seigneur (Lord) de Châtillon
(Châtillon-sur-Loing 1519 - Paris 1572)
French nobleman and admiral, disciplined Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion (Wikipedia).

The text is a quotation from the Edict of Nantes (Full text).

#8 #9
Nostre Pere qvi es es cievlx. sanctifie soit ton
nom. ton Royavlme adviengne. Ta vovlente soit
faicte en la terre comme av ciel. Donne nous av
jovrdhvy nostre pain cottidien et nous pardonne
nos offenses, ainsi qve novs pardonnons a cevlx
qvi novs offensent et ne novs indvitz point en
tentation mais novs delivre dv mal. Amen. Amen.
le 22 février 1534
ayant preche devant
l'assemblee revnie
par bavdichon de
la maison nevve
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs pierre viret assisté
de gvillavme farel
et de froment admi
nistra pvbliqvement
le premier bapteme
evangeliqve.
la réforme est préchée av pevple de genève
en présence des envoyés de berne
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
Guillaume Farel
one of the central four statues
The text is the Lord's Prayer in French.
#9 #10
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
John Knox
one of the central four statues
ovr Father which art in heaven halowed be
Thy name. Thy kingdome come, Let thy wil be
done even in earth as it is in heaven. Ovr
daily bread give vs for the day, And forgive
vs ovr sinne for even we forgive everie man
that is indetted to vs. And lead vs not into
temptation, bvt deliver vs from evil. Amen…
la voix d'vn sevl
homme est capable
en vne hevre de met-
tre plvs de vie. en
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs novs qve le fracas
de cinq cents clairons
sonnant sans treve
a nos oreilles
randolph a cecil 1561
john knox prèche la réforme a st. giles
d'édimbovrg devant la covr de marie stvart
The text is the Lord's Prayer.
#11 #12
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
ROGER WILLIAMS
In the name of God amen. we… doe by these
presents solemnly and mvtvally in the presence
of God, and one of another, covenant and combine
ovrselves togeather into a civil body politick…
and by vertve hearof to enacte constitvte, and
frame svch jvst and eqvall lawes… as shall be
thovght most meete and convenient for the generall
good of the colonie. Anno Domini 1620 - the Mayflower Compact-
le 11 novembre 1620
les pvritains anglais
partis de plymovth
avant de qvitter le
vaisseav qvi les
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs amenait a la cote dv
refvge signerent le
pacte dv mayflower
precvrsevr des
constitvtions de la
démocratie américaine
les pères pélérins fondent la première colonie
de la novvelle-angleterre
Roger Williams
(c. 1603 - 1683)
English Protestant theologian who was an early proponent of religious freedom and the separation of church and state. In 1636, he began the colony of Providence Plantation, which provided a refuge for religious minorities. (Wikipedia).

The quotation is from the Mayflower Compact, 11 November 1620 (Full text).

#13 #14
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
CROMWELL
the Lords Spiritvall and Temporall and commons being
now assembled in a fvll and free representative of this
Nation doe for the vindication and asserting their ancient
Rights and Liberties declare: That the pretended power
of svspending of laws by Regall avthority withovt consent
of Parlyament is illegall… That levying money withovt
grant of Parlyament is illegall… That election of
members of Parlyament ovght to be free -the Bill of Rights.
le 13 février 1689
gvillavme prince
d'orange et marie
son epovse fille
ainée de jacqves ii
appelés av trône
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs d'angleterre accep
tèrent la covronne
et la déclaration des
droits - fondement
de la monarchie
constitvtionelle
les lords et les commvnes présentent a gvillavme
et a marie la déclaration des droits des anglais
Oliver Cromwell
(Huntingdon 1599 - Westminster 1658)
English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. (Wikipedia).

The quotation is from the Bill of Rights, 13 February 1689 (Full text).

#15 #16
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs
BOCSKAY
Sacra Caesarea Regiaqve Maiestas omnes et singulos
statvs et ordines regni in sva religione et confessione
nvsqvam et neqvaqvam tvrbabit nec per alios tvrbari et
impediri sinet. Vervm omnibvs praedictis statibvs et
ordinibvs liber religionis ipsorvm vsvs et exercitivm
permittetvr… Hvngariam per Hvngaros nativos possedebit.
Officia regni Hvngaris et nationibvs ei annexis idoneis
nvllo interposito religionis discrimine conferet
Ex articvlis pacificationis Viennensis.
l'independance de
notre foi, notre li-
berte de conscience
et nos anciennes
Genève - Mur des Reformateurs lois ont povr novs
plvs de valevr qve
l'or. bocksay à la
diète de kassa. 1606
victorievx etienne bocskay, prince de transylvanie, apporte
a la diète hongroise, le 13 décembre 1606, la paix de vienne
garantie fondamentale de la liberté religievse dans le royaume
Stephen Bocskay
(Hungarian: Bocskai István)
(Kolozsvár / Cluj 1557 - Kassa / Košice 1606)
Hungarian Calvinist nobleman, and Prince of Transylvania (1605-06), leader of a revolt against the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor's effort to impose Roman Catholicism on the Kingdom of Hungary (Wikipedia).

The quotation is from the Pacification of Vienna, 1606.

At either side of the square in front of the wall are stone steles with in large letters the names LVTHER (left) and ZWINGLI (right) at the inner side of the stele, and in smaller letters on the front (left) valdès de lyon, john wycliffe, jan hvs and (right) Marie Dentière.

Genève - Mur des Reformateurs Genève - Mur des Reformateurs

Signed:

Annotation

The monument was the result of a contest launched to transform that part of the park. The contest, which involved 71 other proposals, received entries from across the world. The winning design was put forward by four Swiss architects: Charles Dubois, Alphonse Laverrière, Eugène Monod, and Jean Taillens. The sculptures were then created by two French sculptors: Paul Landowski and Henri Bouchard.

Sculptors

Tags

  • Calvin, Jean
  • Clergyman
  • Coligny, Gaspard de
  • Cromwell, Oliver
  • Farel, Guillaume
  • Frederick William Elector of Brandenburg
  • Knox, John
  • Landowski, Paul
  • Luther, Martin
  • Monarch
  • Politician
  • Theologian
  • William I (Prince of Orange)
  • Williams, Roger
  • Zwingli, Huldrych
  • Location (N 46°11'59" - E 6°8'46")

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    Item Code: chge019; Photograph: 5 June 2013
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt