Statues - Hither & Thither

Czech Republic
Žamberk
Pardubický kraj

Kostelní
(Kostel svatého Václava)

Sochy svatých před Kostelem svatého Václava

Saint statues in front of of Saint Wenceslaus Church


18th century

Žamberk /  Sochy svatých před Kostelem svatého Václava

Description

Three sculptures in front of the Saint Wenceslaus church:

Žamberk - Sochy svatých pred Kostelem svatého Václava Žamberk - Sochy svatých pred Kostelem svatého Václava Žamberk - Sochy svatých pred Kostelem svatého Václava
  1. Central: Sousoší Kalvárie, statue of the crucifixion with St. Mary with a sword in her breast (the fifth sorrow of Mary, Mary Sees Jesus Die on the Cross, "the sword pierced your soul") and St. John the Apostle at the foot of the cross. On the cross the text:
    Eihle
    Spása
    svĕta
    eCCe
    saLVator
    MVnDI
    Chronogram 1755
    On the back of the pedestal:
    Postaveno
    L.P.
    1761
    nákladem pi
    josefy krupickové,
    obnoveno roku
    1888
    naklédem
    dobrodinců
  2. Left: Svatý Václav / Saint Wenceslaus, a king with a shield and a flag, and on the pedestal the inscription:
    dĕdictví otců zachovej nám pane! Orodvi za nas
    swati Waclawe
    nas mili czeski
    patrone
    zafrantiška chodce
    a antonina krale
    awšeckitwe ctitele
    ao. 1819
    opraveno r. 1933
    nakladem odbrodincu
    (c. 907 - 935), duke of Bohemia, raised as Christian by his grandmother, Saint Ludmila. He was murdered in 935 on his way to church. Patron saint of the Czech people and the Czech Republic (Wikipedia).

  3. Right: Svatý Jan Nepomucký / Saint John of Nepomuk, with crucifix. On front of the pedestal a relief of Saint John thrown from the Charles Bridge. On the sides of the pedestal reliefs which are too weathered to distinguish.
    NP
    Den 11.
    May
    1840
    Renovirt

    (Nepomuk c. 1345 - Praha 1393), confessor of the queen of Bohemia, refused to divulge the secrets of the confessional. At the behest of King Wenceslaus of Bohemia he was thrown from the Charles Bridge in Prague and drowned. John of Nepomuk is patron saint of bridges (Wikipedia)

Calvary (calvaire)

Calvary or Golgotha was the site, outside of ancient Jerusalem's early first century walls, at which the crucifixion of Jesus occurred. In religius sculpture, a calvary is a type of monumental public crucifix with two or more adjoining statues.
In northern France, Belgium, and southern Netherlands calvaries were erected at the junction of routes and tracks or on cemeteries, usually showing the crucifix with statues of Saint John the Apostle and Saint Mary Magdalena.
The calvaire in Bretagne is distinguished from a simple crucifix cross by the inclusion of three-dimensional figures surrounding the Crucifixion itself, typically representing Mary and the apostles of Jesus, though later saints and symbolic figures may also be depicted.
In Central Europe, a calvary is a complex of shrines or chapels containing not only the sculpture or painting of Crucifixion of Jesus, but all the Stations of the Cross. (Wikipedia).

Žamberk - Sochy svatých pred Kostelem svatého Václava

Sources & Information

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Location (N 50°5'11" - E 16°27'48")

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Item Code: czpa006; Photograph: 3 September 2012
Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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© Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt