Statues - Hither & Thither

Czech Republic
Svitavy
Pardubický kraj

Náměstí Miru

Marianský morový sloup

St Mary's and Plague Column


1703

Svitavy /  Marianský morový sloup   Svitavy /  Marianský morový sloup

Description

Sandstone Marian column. The column is surmounted by a golden statue of
(click on the photo for an enlargement.)
Svitavy - Saint Mary Immaculate
1
  1. Saint Mary Immaculate, with a golden crescent moon at her feet.
The column has a square base with on two of the faces texts, the other faces show decoration.

Ex Voto
Hat Die Hertz
ogl. Bischoffl.
Statt Zwittav
Zv Lob
Der Vnbe
fleckten
Empfängnvs
MARIĘ
Diese SAVLEN
Avfführen Lassē
Ao 1703
Diese
Mutter Gottes
Statua
ist im Iahr 1897
auf Kosten
der
Stadtgemeinde
und einigen
wohltętern
Stafiret
worden
On the corners of the lower section are statues:

(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
Svitavy - Svatý Šebestián / Saint Sebastian
2
Svitavy - Svatý Roch / Saint Roch
3
Svitavy - Svatý Florian / Saint Florian
4
Svitavy - Svatý Jan Nepomucký / Saint John of Nepomuk
5
Svitavy - Svatá Rozálie / Saint Rosalia
6
  1. Svatý Šebestián / Saint Sebastian, tied to a tree and shot by arrows.
    (died c. 288), martyr, killed during the Roman emperor Diocletian's persecution of Christians (Wikipedia).
  2. Svatý Roch / Saint Roch, in pilgrim's outfit with staff and dog, and showing his tigh.
    (14th century), saint from Montpellier, he is specially invoked against the plague. (Wikipedia).
  3. Svatý Florian / Saint Florian, Roman soldier with flag and throwing water from a bucket on a burning house.
    (d. c. 304), commander of the imperial army in the Roman province of Noricum, responsible for organizing firefighting brigades. Martyred because is did not want to sacrifice to Roman gods. He is usually depicted as a Roman officer pouring water from a pitcher over a fire (Wikipedia).
  4. Svatý Jan Nepomucký / Saint John of Nepomuk, with small crucifix and his bonnet in his hand.
    (Nepomuk c. 1345 - Praha 1393), confessor of the queen of Bohemia, refused to divulge the secrets of the confessional. At the behest of King Wenceslaus of Bohemia he was thrown from the Charles Bridge in Prague and drowned. John of Nepomuk is patron saint of bridges (Wikipedia)
    The base encloses a statue of
  5. Svatá Rozálie / Saint Rosalia, she is visible through gitters.
    (1130-1166), also called La Santuzza or "The Little Saint", revered as a protector against infectious diseases (Wikipedia).

Information Sign

Mariánský sloup

V roce 1680 zasáhla mĕsti velká epidemie
cholery. Roku 1703 byl vztyčen mariánský
sloup. Sousoši neznámého mistra se
sochami P. Marie, sv. Floriána, sv. Rocha
sv. Jana, sv. Šebestiána a sv. Rozálie je
odrazem lidového baroka olomouckých
sochařských dílen.

Marian Column

In 1680 the the city was struck of a great epidemy
of cholera. In 1703 a Marian column was
erected. The sculpture of an unknown master showing
statues of the Virgin Mary, St. Florian, St. Roch,
St. John, St. Sebastian and St. Rosalie, is
a reflection of the popular baroque Olomouc
sculpture workshops.

Annotation

Erected in 1703 after the plague epidemics of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Marian, Holy Trinity and Plague Columns (Mariensäule, Dreifaltigkeitssäule, Pestsäule)

Marian and Holy Trinity columns are religious monuments with a statue of Saint Mary or a depiction of the Holy Trinity on top of a column. Around the base of the column are usually various saints. Marian columns were built to thank the Virgin Mary for intervention to quell the pestilence and other scourges. The first of those was erecrted in Vienna in 1667 (Mariensäule) and the second in 1679 also in Vienna at the Graben, the Pestsäule.
The purpose of the Holy Trinity columns was usually simply to celebrate the church and the faith, although the plague motif could play a role.
Erecting religious monuments in the form of a column surmounted by a figure or a Christian symbol was a gesture of public faith that flourished in the Catholic countries of Europe especially in the 17th and 18th centuries (Wikipedia)

Sources & Information

Tags

Location (N 49°45'22" - E 16°28'1")

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Item Code: czpa024; Photograph: 4 September 2012
Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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© Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt