Statues - Hither & Thither

Germany
Heidelberg
Stadt Heidelberg

Baden-Württemberg

Schloßberg  
(Heidelberger Schloß - Friedrichsbau)

Wittelsbacher Ahnengalerie

Ancestors of the House of Wittelsbach

Sebastian Götz
1601/07

Heidelberg /  Wittelsbacher Ahnengalerie   Heidelberg /  Wittelsbacher Ahnengalerie

Description

Sixteen statues in the façade of the Friedrichsbau, built between 1601 and 1607 by Friedrich V. von der Pfalz. The statues represent the most important ancestors of Friedrich V:

Heidelberg / Wittelsbacher Ahnengalerie Spring Summer Justice Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz William of Orange Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz William of Orange Karl der Große Otto I von Wittelsbach Ludwig I Herzog von Bayern Rudolf I. von der Pfalz Ludwig IV. Der Bayer Ruprecht III. Von der Pfalz Otto III. Von Bayern Christoph von Dänemark Ruprecht I., der Rote, von der Pfalz Friedrich I. der Siegreiche Friedrich II., der Weise Ottheinrich von der Pfalz Friedrich III. Von der Pfalz, der Fromme Ludwig VI. Von der Pfalz Pfalzgraf Johann Kasimir von Pfalz-Simmern Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz Spring Summer Justice Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz William of Orange Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz William of Orange Karl der Große Otto I von Wittelsbach Ludwig I Herzog von Bayern Rudolf I. von der Pfalz Ludwig IV. Der Bayer Ruprecht III. Von der Pfalz Otto III. Von Bayern Christoph von Dänemark Ruprecht I., der Rote, von der Pfalz Friedrich I. der Siegreiche Friedrich II., der Weise Ottheinrich von der Pfalz Friedrich III. Von der Pfalz, der Fromme Ludwig VI. Von der Pfalz Pfalzgraf Johann Kasimir von Pfalz-Simmern Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz
Click on a statue for an enlargement in a separate window
    Gables:

    Karl der Große
    1
    Otto I von Wittelsbach
    2
    Ludwig I Herzog von Bayern
    3
    Rudolf I. von der Pfalz
    4
    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)

  1. carolvs / magnvs / dcccxiv. (Charlemagne 814)
    Karl der Große - Charlemagne (unknown place 742 - Aachen 814), King of the Franks (since 768) and Emperor (since 800) (Wikipedia).
  2. otto wi / telsbach / mcxxciv. (Otto of Wittelsbach 1184)
    Otto I von Wittelsbach - Otto I of Wittelsbach (Kelheim c. 1117 - Pullendorf 1183), Duke of Bavaria from 1180 until his death. He was the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach (Wikipedia)./b>
  3. lvdovicvs / i elect. / mccxciv. (Louis I Elector 1294)
    Ludwig I Herzog von Bayern "der Kelheimer" - Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (Kelheim 1173 - Kelheim 1231), Duke of Bavaria in 1183 and Count Palatine of the Rhine in 1214 (Wikipedia).
  4. rvdolphvs / mcccxix. (Rudolf 1319)
    Rudolf I. von der Pfalz "der Stammler" - Rudolf I (Basel 1274 - 1319), Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine (1294-1317). (Wikipedia).

    Upper storey, the emperor and three kings of the house of Wittelsbach:

    Ludwig IV. Der Bayer
    5
    Ruprecht III. Von der Pfalz
    6
    Otto III. Von Bayern
    7
    Christoph von Dänemark
    8
    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)

  5. lvdovicvs / imperat. / mcccxiii. (Louis Emperor 1313)
    Ludwig IV. Der Bayer - Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (München 1281/82- Puch bei Fürstenfeldbruck 1347), King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1314, the King of Italy from 1327 and the Holy Roman Emperor from 1328 (Wikipedia).
  6. rvpertvs / rex rom. / mccccx. (Rupert King of the Romans 1410)
    Ruprecht III. Von der Pfalz - Rupert, King of Germany (Amberg 1352 - Burg Landskron bei Oppenheim 1410), Elector Palatine from 1398 and German King (rex Romanorum) from 1400 until his death (Wikipedia).
  7. otto rex / hvngarić / mcccxii. (Otto King of Hungary 1312)
    Otto III. Von Bayern - Otto III of Bavaria (1261 - Landshut 1312), Duke of Lower Bavaria from 1290 to 1312 and disputably King of Hungary and Croatia between 1305 and 1307 as Béla V (Wikipedia).
  8. christoph / rex danić / mccccxlviii. (Christopher King of Denmark 1448)
    Christoph von Dänemark - Christopher of Bavaria (Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz 1416 - Helsingborg 1448), union king of Denmark (1440-1448 as Christopher III), Sweden (1441-1448) and Norway (1442-1448) (Wikipedia).

    Middle storey:

    Ruprecht I., der Rote, von der Pfalz
    9
    Friedrich I. der Siegreiche
    10
    Friedrich II., der Weise
    11
    Ottheinrich von der Pfalz
    12
    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)

  9. rvpertvs / senior / mcccxc. (Rupert the Elder 1390)
    Ruprecht I., der Rote, von der Pfalz - Rupert I, the Red, Elector Palatine (Wolfratshausen 1309 - Neustadt an der Weinstraße 1390), Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1353 to 1390 (Wikipedia).
  10. fridericvs / victoriosvs / mcdlxxvi. (Frederick the Victorioys 1476)
    Friedrich I. der Siegreiche - Frederick I, the Victorious (Heidelberg 1425 - Heidelberg 1476), Count Palatine of the Rhine and Elector Palatine (1451 - 1476) (Wikipedia).
  11. fridericvs / mdlvi. (Frederick 1556)
    Friedrich II., der Weise - Frederick II (Burg Winzingen bei Neustadt an der Weinstraße 1482 - Alzey 1556), Prince-elector of the Palatinate from 1544 to 1556 (Wikipedia).
  12. otto hen / ricvs / mdlix. (Otto Henry 1559)
    Ottheinrich von der Pfalz - Otto Henry (Amberg 1502 - Heidelberg 1559), Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1505 to 1559 and prince elector of the Palatinate from 1556 to 1559 (Wikipedia).

    Lower storey:

    Friedrich III. Von der Pfalz, der Fromme
    13
    Ludwig VI. Von der Pfalz
    14
    Pfalzgraf Johann Kasimir von Pfalz-Simmern
    15
    Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz
    16
    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)

  13. fridericvs / pivs / mdlxxvi. (Frederick the Pious 1576)
    Friedrich III. Von der Pfalz, der Fromme - Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (Simmern 1515 - Heidelberg 1576), Prince-elector of the Palatinate from 1559 to 1576 (Wikipedia).
  14. lvdovicvs / mdlxxxiii. (Louis 1583)
    Ludwig VI. Von der Pfalz - Louis VI (Simmern 1539 - Heidelberg 1583), Prince-elector of the Palatinate from 1576 to 1583 (Wikipedia).
  15. ioannes / casimirvs / mdxcii. (John Casimir 1592)
    Pfalzgraf Johann Kasimir von Pfalz-Simmern - John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern (Simmern 1543 - Heidelberg 1592), younger son of Elector Frederick III, Count Palatine of the Rhine. From 1583-1592 he acted as regent for his nephew, Elector Frederick IV (Wikipedia).
  16. fridericvs / mdcvii. (Frederick 1607)
    Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz - Frederick IV (Amberg 1574 - Heidelberg 1610), Prince-elector of the Palatinate from 1583 to 1610 (Wikipedia).
On the top of the gables are two statues, representing Spring (a) and Summer (b), and between the two gables a statue of Justice ©.

Spring
a
Summer
b
Justice
c
(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)

In each of the gables are two reliefs with coats of arms of Friedrich IV and his wife, Louise Juliana of Orange-Nassau, daughter of William of Orange (both gables have identical coats of arms), resp. that of:

Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz
i
William of Orange
ii
(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)

  1. Friedrich IV. Von der Pfalz (quartered: lion of Hohenstaufen and lozanges of Wittelsbach, with in the center the orb, representing the position of the count palatinates as Arch-Steward of the Holy Roman Empire).
  2. William of Orange (Dillenburg 1533 - Delft 1584), (quartered: I Nassau, II Katzenelnbogen, III Vianden, IV Dietz; center shield: quartered I and IV Châlon, II and III Orange with center shield Genève).

Inscription(s)

fridericvs comes palatinvs
rheni s. rom. imperii elector
dvx bavarić hoc palativm
divino cvltvi et commodae
habitationi exstrvendvm et
maiorvm svorvm imaginibvs
exornandvm cvravit anno
dom. mdc.vii
Ludwig, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Elector and Duke of Bavaria,
has constructed this building in 1533
Frederick V, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Elector and
acting head of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Bavaria,
has the same demolished up to the cornice,
rebuilt, with a vaulted ceiling,
enlarged the height of the dining room by 33 feet,
had the central pillar carrying of the load of the whole roof
removed
without removing and damaging the roof
and these monuments placed
in the year of Our Lord 1619

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Frederick I (Elector Palatine)
  • Frederick II (Elector Palatine)
  • Frederick III (Elector Palatine)
  • Frederick IV (Elector Palatine)
  • Götz, Sebastian
  • Johann Kasimir von Pfalz-Simmern
  • Louis I (Duke of Bavaria)
  • Louis IV (emperor)
  • Louis VI (Elector Palatinate)
  • Monarch
  • Ottheinrich von der Pfalz
  • Otto I (Duke of Bavaria)
  • Otto III (Duke of Bavaria)
  • Rudolf I von der Pfalz
  • Ruprecht I von der Pfalz
  • Ruprecht III von der Pfalz
  • William I (Prince of Orange)
  • Locatie (N 49°24'39" - E 8°42'54")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: debw056; Photograph: 26 September 2011
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt