Statues - Hither & Thither

Germany
Amorbach
Lkr. Miltenberg

Bayern

Freihof

Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche

Façade statues on the Abbey Church

Anton Grimbacher & Georg Adam Guthmann
1745-47

Amorbach /  Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche   Amorbach /  Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche

Description

On the façade and in front of the former Abbey Church are several saint's statues. The patron saints of the church were St. Mary together with Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrix.
  1. (in a niche in the top gable) Saint Benedict (c.480-543), Patron saint of Europe and students; founded communities for monks. Benedict's main achievement is his "Rule of Saint Benedict", containing precepts for his monks (Wikipedia)..
    He is flanked by two angels on pilasters, with a bishop's mitre and a ?? respectively

    Amorbach - Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche Amorbach - Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche
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    Amorbach - Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche

  2. (in a niche left of the entrance) s. simplicius m.
  3. (in a niche right of the entrance) s. faustinus m.
  4. (in a niche on the ground floor) s beatrix m
    Saints Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrix (or Beatrice, Viatrix), a group of Christian Martyrs who died in Rome during the Diocletian persecution (302 or 303) (Wikipedia).

    Amorbach - Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche
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    Amorbach - Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche
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    At the stairs, left originally only for men, with three male saints:

  5. (on the balustrade at the far left) Unknown male saint.
  6. (on the balustrade of the staircase, left) Christus / Christ
  7. (at the entrance gate, left) St. Joachim (?), with a book.

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    Right, originally only for women, with female saints:

  8. (on the balustrade at the far right) Unknown female saint with child and rabbit, probably Madonna with Child (cf. Madonna and the rabbit, the painting by Titian).
  9. (on the balustrade of the staircase, right) Unknown female saint.
  10. (at the entrance gate, right) St. Anne (?) with two children (Sankt Anna selbdritt).

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  11. Above the entrance is the coats-of-arms of Engelbert Kinbacher, abbot of Amorbach who had the church rebuilt by the architect Maximilian von Welsch.

    Amorbach - Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche
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Inscription(s)

The façde is inscribed with two chronograms for 1746:

qVICVnqVe oraVerIt In LoCo Isto
aVDI preCes Istas De habItaCVLo
tVo aCapropItIare ILLIs. z.para g.w.z.

EngeLbertVs abbas has æDes Deo et beatæ
VIrgInI eXaLtatæ saCras fVnDItVs Ita ereXIt

Annotation

Anton Grimbacher from Mergenthal sculpted the statues of Simplicius, Faustinus, Beatrix and two angels.
Georg Adam Guthman made the statues of Benedict and the two angels and the coat of arms.

Amorbach - Fassadenstatuen an der Abteikirche

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Beatrix, St.
  • Benedict of Nursia, St.
  • Christ
  • Chronogram
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Faustinus, St.
  • Grimbacher, Anton
  • Guthmann, Georg Adam
  • Joachim, St.
  • Mary, St.
  • Saint (unknown)
  • Simplicius, St.
  • Location (N 49°38'35" - E 9°13'9")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: deby291; Photograph: 29 September 2014
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt