Statues - Hither & Thither

Germany
Lemgo
Kr. Lippe

Nordrhein-Westfalen

Marktplatz
(Rathaus - Apothekenerker)

Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne

Ten 'Wise Men' and the Five Senses


1612

Lemgo /  Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne   Lemgo /  Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne

Description

Between the windows of the lower and first floor of the so-called pharmacy oriel at the norht-west corner of the townhall are ten reliefs, showing half figures in a niche, with names in gold lettering above and below:

North:
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne PEDANTIVS DIOSCORIDES
lavs medico herba- | rum species usus | [qu]e probatos hos- | se sed hic danda est | palma dioscoridi
Praise the doctor who is familiar with the types of herbs and their proven benefits, but here the prize is to be given to him.
Pedanius Dioscorides, (c. 40 - 90 AD), Roman physician, pharmacologist and botanist of Greek origin, the author of De Materia Medica—a 5-volume encyclopedia about herbal medicine and related medicinal substances (a pharmacopeia), that was widely read for more than 1,500 years (Wikipedia).
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne ARISTOTELES.
Aristotle (384 - 322 BC), Greek philosopher (Wikipedia).

West:
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne RHASES.
quiete et abstineti
Be quiet and abstemious
Muhammad ibn Zakariyā Rāzī, Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis (854-925), Persian polymath, physician, alchemist and chemist, philosopher and important figure in the history of medicine (Wikipedia).
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne CLAVDIVS GALENUS.
voluptates vsvræ morbi
The delights of enjoyment are the diseases
Galen of Pergamon (Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus) (AD 129 - c. 200/c. 216), prominent Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman empire (Wikipedia).
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne HIPPOCRATES
το θεικος το θειου
The book, the divine
Hippocrates (c. 460 - c. 370 BC), ancient Greek physician; considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine (Wikipedia).
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne HERMES TRISMEGISTOS AEGYPT.
qvod est | svperivs | est sicvt | id qvod | est infer | ivs
The upper is like the lower
Hermes Trismegistus, the purported author of the Hermetic Corpus, a series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism (Wikipedia).
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne R. LULLIUS HISPANUS.
Cum igne tan: | dem in gratiam | redit aqua
With the fire eventually also the water reconciles
Raimundus Lullius (Wikipedia).
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne GEBER ARABS.
in sole et sale | naturæ sunt | omnia
In sun and salt all of nature is contained
Jābir ibn Hayyān, Latinized name Geber (fl.c.721-c.815), rominent Muslim polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician (Wikipedia).

South
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne ANDREAS VESALIVS.
ocius iucunde tuto
Quick, pleasant, safe
Andreas Vesalius (Brussel 1514 - Zakynthos 1564), Brabantian anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy (Wikipedia).
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne TH. PARACELSVS GERMANVS.
separate et | ad maturita: | tem perdvcite
Separate and lead to maturity
Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, genannt Paracelsus (ca. 1493 - Salzburg 1541), a Swiss German Renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and general occultist. (Wikipedia).

At the base of the three Ionic columns between the windows of the first floor of the oriel are three stone reliefs showing the five senses (the corner colums each have a double relief):

  1. TACTVS - Tastsinn / Touch,
  2. AVDITVS - Gehör / Hearing,
  3. VISVS - Gesicht / Sight,
  4. GVSTVS - Geschmack / Taste,
  5. ODORATVS - Geruch / Smell.
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne
1
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne
2
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne
3
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne
4
Lemgo - Zehn 'Weisen' und die fünf Sinne
5

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Hearing (personification)
  • Hermes Trismegistus
  • Hippocrates
  • Jābir ibn Hayyān
  • Lullius, Raimundus
  • Oriel
  • Paracelsus
  • Pedanius Dioscorides
  • Philosopher
  • Physician
  • Rāzī, Muhammad ibn Zakariyā
  • Rhazes
  • Sight (personification)
  • Smell (personification)
  • Taste (personification)
  • Touch (personification)
  • Town Hall
  • Vesalius, Andreas
  • Location N 52°1'41" E 8°54'5"

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: denw314; Photograph: 5 April 2014
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt