V. 1918 ja sen jälkeen työväen
aatteen puolesta kaatuneiden muistolle.
Finnish Civil War, 1918
The Finnish Civil War (Finnish: Suomen sisällissota, kansalaissota; Swedish: Finska inbördeskriget) was a part of the national, political and social turmoil caused by World War I (1914-1918). The Civil War concerned control and leadership of the Grand Duchy of Finland after it had become sovereign in 1917. The war was fought from 27 January to 15 May 1918 between the forces of the Social Democrats led by the People's Deputation of Finland, commonly called the 'Reds' (Finnish: punaiset, Swedish: röda), and the forces of the non-socialist, conservative-led Senate, commonly called the 'Whites' (Finnish: valkoiset, Swedish: vita). The Reds — dominated by industrial and agrarian workers — were supported by the Russian Soviet Republic. The Whites — dominated by peasants and middle- and upper-class factions, in particular upper-class Swedish speakers — received marked military assistance from the German Empire. The Reds were based in the towns and industrial centres of southern Finland, while the Whites controlled more rural central and northern Finland. The Whites won the war, in which about 37,000 people died out of a population of 3 million
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