Statues - Hither & Thither

Hungary
Budapest
Budapest Főváros

Szentháromság tér (I.)

Szentháromság szobor

Holy Trinity Column

Philip Ungleich & Anton Hörger
1713

Budapest /  Szentháromság szobor   Budapest /  Szentháromság szobor

Description

14 m tall hexagonal obelisk, made of limestone:
  1. surmounted by a sculpture group showing God the Father (old man with orb making a blessing gesture), the Son (Jesus, holding a cross) and the Holy Ghost (a dove in the center of the radiating sun). They sit on clouds and are surrounded with a few small angels.
    (click on the photo for an enlargement.)
    Budapest - Szentháromság szobor
  2. the top section has several angels and is surrounded by three statues on the faces of the column:

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
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    1. SE: Szűz Mária / Saint Mary, crowned by angels.
      Saint Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ (Wikipedia).
    2. N: Keresztelő Szent János / Saint John the Baptist, with cross staff.
      (c. 6 BC- c. 36 AD), itinerant preacher and a major religious figure who led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River. He baptized Jesus at "Bethany beyond the Jordan." (Wikipedia).
    3. W: Xavéri Szent Ferenc / Saint Francis Xavier, bearded priest with a crucifix in his arms.
      (Javier, Navarra 1506 - São João Island, China, 1552), pioneering Roman Catholic missionary, co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Wikipedia).

  3. the mid section is surrounded by six statues on the corners of the chamfered column:
    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
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    Budapest - Szentháromság szobor
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      SE:
    1. Szent Sebestyén / Saint Sebastian, tied to a tree and shot by arrows.
      (died c. 288), martyr, killed during the Roman emperor Diocletian's persecution of Christians (Wikipedia).
    2. Szent Rókus / Saint Roch, in pilgrim's outfit with staff, and showing his tigh, next to him a dog with bread in his mouth.
      (14th century), saint from Montpellier, he is specially invoked against the plague. (Wikipedia).
      N:
    3. Nepomuki Szent János / Saint John of Nepomuk, with crucifix and halo with five start=s.
      (Nepomuk c. 1345 - Praha 1393), confessor of the queen of Bohemia, refused to divulge the secrets of the confessional. At the behest of King Wenceslaus of Bohemia he was thrown from the Charles Bridge in Prague and drowned. John of Nepomuk is patron saint of bridges (Wikipedia)
    4. Szent Kristóf / Saint Christopher, with the Christ child on his shoulder.
      (Greek: Χριστόφορος, 'Christ-bearer'), martyr of the 3rd century. Carried Christ as a child across a river (Wikipedia).
      W:
    5. Hippói Szent Ágoston / Saint Augustine of Hippo, bearded man with a pierced heart in his hand.
      (354 - 430), Bishop of Hippo Regius (present-day Annaba, Algeria), philosopher and theologian; his writings were very influential in the development of Western Christianity (Wikipedia).
    6. Szent József / Saint Joseph, old man with a lily.
      (Hebrew יוֹסֵף, "Yosef"; Greek: Ἰωσήφ), the husband of the Virgin Mary and the earthly father of Jesus Christ (in distinction to God, his "heavenly father") (Wikipedia).

  4. the base has three reliefs on the faces:
    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Budapest - Szentháromság szobor
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    1. SE: propter poenitentiam - King David pleading for the end of the plague.
    2. N: quia dominus dixit sufficit - the plage - with Buda Castle in the background.
    3. W: comuni studio exsurcit - the construction of the Holy Trinity Column.

  5. and two coats of arms and a text shield on the chamfers
      (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
      Budapest - Szentháromság szobor
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    1. S: Coat of arms of Hungary.
    2. E: Text on the restauration (originally, here was the double-headed eagle of Austria).
    3. NW: Coat of arms of Buda.
The plague column commemorates two outbreaks of the plague in 1691 and 1709 and was built between 1710 and 1714. The nine statues were sculpted by Philip Ungleich, the reliefs and the coat of arms are made by Anton Hörger. The column was destroyed in the Second World War. The present column is a reconstruction of 1967.

Inscription(s)

a felújítást budapest főváros önkormányzata költségén
a nemzeti kulturális alap és a budapesti operabál tamogatásávál
a budapest galeria vegeztette 2007-ben

tervezője a bme építészettörténeti és műemleki tanszét
kivitelezője szabó péter restaurátor irányításával a reko-konzult kft.
a reneszánsz rt. műemléki igazgatóságának közreműködesével.

The renovation was finished by the Budapest Gallery
in 2007 and supported by the Municipality of Budapest,
the National Cultural Fund and the Opera Ball (fancy-dress ball).
Its' designer was the Department of History of Architecture
and Monuments at Technical University of Budapest.
Implementer the Reko-konzul Ltd. under the direction of Szabó
Péter restaurator and the cooperation of the
Directorate of Monuments of Reneszánsz Ltd.

Marian, Holy Trinity and Plague Columns (Mariensäule, Dreifaltigkeitssäule, Pestsäule)

Marian and Holy Trinity columns are religious monuments with a statue of Saint Mary or a depiction of the Holy Trinity on top of a column. Around the base of the column are usually various saints. Marian columns were built to thank the Virgin Mary for intervention to quell the pestilence and other scourges. The first of those was erecrted in Vienna in 1667 (Mariensäule) and the second in 1679 also in Vienna at the Graben, the Pestsäule.
The purpose of the Holy Trinity columns was usually simply to celebrate the church and the faith, although the plague motif could play a role.
Erecting religious monuments in the form of a column surmounted by a figure or a Christian symbol was a gesture of public faith that flourished in the Catholic countries of Europe especially in the 17th and 18th centuries (Wikipedia)

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Coat of arms
  • David (king)
  • Francis Xavier, St.
  • Hörger, Anton
  • John of Nepomuk, St.
  • John the Baptist, St.
  • Joseph, St.
  • Mary, St.
  • Plague Column
  • Roch, St.
  • Sebastian, St.
  • Trinity Column
  • Trinity
  • Ungleich, Philip
  • Location (N 47°30'6" - E 19°2'0")

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    Item Code: hubp059; Photograph: 7 September 2012
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt