Statues - Hither & Thither

Italy
Firenze
Firenze (prov.)

Toscana

Via Orsanmichele - Via Lamberti
(Chiesa di Orsanmichele)

Statue dell'Orsanmichele

Statues of the Orsanmichele

Various sculptors
1399-1602

Firenze /  Statue dell'Orsanmichele   Firenze /  Statue dell'Orsanmichele

Description

The Orsanmichele church was originally built as a grain market in 1337. Between 1380 and 1404, it was converted into a church used as the chapel of Florence's powerful craft and trade guilds. On the ground floor of the square building are the 13th-century arches that originally formed the loggia of the grain market. The second floor was devoted to offices, while the third housed one of the city's municipal grain storehouses, maintained to withstand famine or siege. Late in the 14th century, the guilds were charged by the city to commission statues of their patron saints to embellish the facades of the church. The sculptures seen today are copies, the originals having been removed to museums.

Via dell'Arte della Lana

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

1. San Matteo / St. Matthew
one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus and one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an angel. As patron saint of book-keepers, tax collectors and security forces, he is also depicted with writing utensils (Wikipedia).

by Lorenzo Ghiberti, 1419-23
Guild: Arte del Cambio (bankers)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

2. Santo Stefano / St. Stephen
protomartyr of Christianity, preached shortly after Jesus' crucifixion. He is condemned for blasphemy and stoned to death by an infuriated mob (Wikipedia).

by Lorenzo Ghiberti, 1427-28
Guild: Arte della Lana (wool manufacturers)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

3. Sant'Eligio / St. Eligius
588 - 660
patron saint of goldsmiths and other metalworkers (Wikipedia).

by Nanni di Banco, 1417-21
Guild: Arte dei Maniscalchi (farriers)
(Wikipedia).
See below for the relief

Via de' Lamberti

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

4. San Marco / St. Mark
one the four Evangelists. His attribute is a lion (Wikipedia).

by Donatello, 1411-13
Guild: Arte dei Linaiuoli e Rigattieri (linen-weavers and peddlers)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

5. San Jacopo / St. James
(d. 44), one of the Twelve Apostles. Patron saint of pilgrims, soldiers and cavalrymen. Depicted holding a pilgrim's staff decorated with a scallop shell. His remains are in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia (Spain) (Wikipedia).

by Niccolò di Pietro Lamberti (?), 1410-22
Guild: Arte dei Pellicciai (furriers).
See below for the relief

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

6. Madonna della Rosa / Madonna of the Rose
-

attributed to Piero di Giovanni Tedesco, c. 1399
Guild: Medici e Speziali (doctors and apothecaries)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

7. San Giovanni Evangelista / St. John the Evangelist
conventional name for the author of the Gospel of John - considered to be the same person as John the Apostle (Wikipedia).

by Baccio da Montelupo, 1515
Guild: Arte della Seta (silk merchants)
(Wikipedia).

Via de' Calzaiuoli

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

8. San Giovanni Battista / St. John the Baptist
(c. 6 BC- c. 36 AD), itinerant preacher and a major religious figure who led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River. He baptized Jesus at "Bethany beyond the Jordan." (Wikipedia).

by Lorenzo Ghiberti, 1411-16
Guild: Arte di Calimala (The Guild of Merchants of Calimala)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

9. Incredulità di San Tommaso / Christ and St. Thomas
St. Thomas, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. Patron saint of architects, builders and land surveyors, usually holding a right-angle (Wikipedia).

by Andrea del Verrocchio, 1467-83
Guild: Tribunale di Mercanzia (merchants)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

10. San Luca / St. Luke
one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an ox or bull, usually having wings (Wikipedia).

by Giambologna, 1597-1602
Guild: Giudici e Notai (magistrates and notaries)
(Wikipedia).

Via di Orsanmichele

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

11. San Pietro / St. Peter
(possibly died AD 67), apostle, featured prominently in the New Testament and the Acts of the Apostles. Patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually depicted holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand. Peter is the first Pope (Wikipedia)

by Filippo Brunelleschi and Donatello, 1408-13
Guild: Arte dei Beccai (butchers)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

12. San Filippo / St. Philip
one of the Twelve Apostles. He is protector of trinket merchants. He is depicted holding a cross in his left hand as a symbol of the way in which he died, and a book in his right hand as an emblem of dying for the Word of God (Wikipedia).

by Nanni di Banco, 1410-12
Guild: Arte dei Calzaiuoli (shoemakers)
(Wikipedia).

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

13. Quattro Santi Coronati / Four Crowned Martyrs
The four crowned saints (Castorius, Claudius, Sempronius and Nicostratus, and 4 or 5 others) were martyrs of Diocletian's time. They were traditionally sculptors who refused to erect a statue to god Aesculapius for the Emperor (Wikipedia).

by Nanni di Banco, 1410-12
Guild: Maestri di Pietra e Legname (wood and stone workers)
(Wikipedia).
See below for the relief

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista

14. San Giorgio / St. George
(ca. 275/281 - 303), Roman soldier from Syria Palaestina and a priest in the Guard of Diocletian, one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. He is immortalized in the tale of Saint George and the Dragon (Wikipedia)

by Donatello, 1415-17
Guild: Arte dei Corazzai (armourers)
(Wikipedia).
See below for the relief

Reliefs

Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista
to 3 Sant'Eligio / St. Eligius
The miracle of the healed horse
Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista
to 5 San Jacopo / St. James
Beheading of St. James
Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista
to 13 Quattro Santi Coronati / Four Crowned Martyrs or Four Saints
The saints intent on the work of sculptor
Firenze - Sant'Elia e San Giovanni Battista
to 14 San Giorgio / St. George
San Giorgio libera la principessa / St. George frees the princess
(Wikipedia).

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Claudius, St.
  • Donatello
  • Eligius, St.
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Four Crowned Martyrs
  • George, St.
  • Ghiberti, Lorenzo
  • Giambologna
  • James the Greater, St.
  • John the Baptist, St.
  • John the Evangelist, St.
  • Luke, St.
  • Mark, St.
  • Mary with Child
  • Matthew, St.
  • Niccolò di Piero Lamberti
  • Nicostratus, St.
  • Peter, St.
  • Philip, St.
  • Piero di Giovanni Tedesco
  • Sempronius, St.
  • Stephen, St.
  • Thomas, St.
  • Verrocchio, Andrea del
  • Location (N 43°46'14" - E 11°15'18")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: itto034; Photograph: 8 May 2017
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt