Statues - Hither & Thither

Portugal
Lisboa
(Fr. de Santa Maria Maior)
Lisboa (distrito)

Lisboa (região)

Praça Dom Pedro IV
(Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II)

Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II

Sculptures at the façade of the National Theatre

Francisco de Assis Rodrigues
1847-48

Lisboa /  Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II

Description

The building was constructed between 1842 and 1846 to a Neoclassical design by Italian architect Fortunato Lodi and is the best representative of Neoclassical architecture of Palladian influence in Lisbon. The main feature of the façade is a portico (hexastyle) with six Ionic columns reused from the Saint Francis Convent of Lisbon and a triangular pediment. The tympanum of the pediment is decorated with a sculpted relief showing Apollo and the Muses, it dates from 1847 and was sculpted by Francisco Assis Rodrigues.

Top of the portico

The pediment is topped by a statue of Renaissance playwright Gil Vicente (c. 1464 - c. 1536, Wikipedia), considered the founder of Portuguese theatre. Ironically, some of Gil Vicente's plays had been censured by the Portuguese Inquisition in the late 16th century. On the sides are statues of the muses of Drama and Tragedy. These three statues date from 1848 and are also sculpted by Francisco Assis Rodrigues.

Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Melpomene (Tragédia / Drama), with a dagger and a cup
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Statue of Gil Vicente
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Tália (Comédia) / Thalia (Comedy), with a mask and a laurel wreath

Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Apolo e as Musas / Apollo and the Muses. In the center sits Apollo, accompanied by seven muses, from left to right: Polyhymnia, Urania, Erato(?), Clio, (Apollo), Euterpe, Terpsichore and Caliope.

On the ends of the upper level of the front façade are four reliefs. The the left allegories for the night (Thanatos and Nyx), to the right for the day (Eros and Psyche):

Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Thanatos (God of Dead), man with with bat wings and a small bat.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Nyx (Goddess of Night), woman with bat wings, putting a child into bed.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Eros, man with angel wings, holding a set of arrows.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
Psykê, woman with butterfly wings, holding a torch and a box.

Above the windows of the first floor are on the front and side façades are 21 panels with a portrait medaillon and a guirlande. Left façade:

Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
1.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
2.

Front façade (nrs. 9-13 are under the portico):

Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
3.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
4.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
5.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
6.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
7.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
8.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
9.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
10.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
11.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
12.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
13.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
14.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
15.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
16.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
17.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
18.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
19.

Right façade:

Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
20.
Lisboa - Esculturas na fachada do Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II
21.

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Clio
  • Erato
  • Eros
  • Euterpe
  • Façade with statues (secular)
  • Melpomene
  • Muse
  • Nyx
  • Playwright
  • Polyhymnia
  • Psyche
  • Rodrigues, Francisco de Assis
  • Terpsichore
  • Thalia
  • Thanatos
  • Tympan
  • Urania
  • Vicente, Gil
  • Location (N 38°42'52" - W 9°8'23")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: ptli009; Photograph: 28 August 2017
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt