Statues - Hither & Thither

Portugal
Lisboa
(Fr. de Santa Maria Maior)
Lisboa (distrito)

Lisboa (região)

Praça do Comécio
(Arca da Rua Augusta)

Arca da Rua Augusta

Rua Augusta Arch

Victor Bastos & Célestin Anatole Calmels
1873

Lisboa /  Arca da Rua Augusta   Lisboa /  Arca da Rua Augusta

Description

Stone, triumphal arch-like building built to commemorate Lisbon's reconstruction after the 1755 earthquake.

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

The allegorical group at the top, made by French sculptor Célestin Anatole Calmels, represents Glory crowning Valor and Genius (A Glória coroando o Génio e o Valor). Because of the top cornice's great height (over 30 m [100 feet]), the figures above it had to be made colossal. The female allegory of Glory, which is dressed in peplos and measures 7 m [23 ft.], stands on a three-step throne and holds two crowns. Valor is personified by an amazon, partially covered with chlamys and wearing a high-crested helmet with dragon patterns, which were the symbols of the House of Braganza. her left hand holds the parazonium, with a trophy of flags behind. The Genius encompasses a statue of Jupiter behind his left arm. At his left side are the attributes of writing and arts.
Below this group is the text:

virtvtibvs
maiorvm
vt sit omnibvs docvmento p.p.d.

To the Virtues of the Greater, to serve all of the teaching, dedicated by public expenses.

Below this group is a large relief showing the coat-of-arms of Portugal.

The four statues over the columns, made by Victor Bastos, represent Nuno Álvares Pereira and the Marquis of Pombal on the right, and Vasco da Gama and Viriatus on the left. The two recumbent figures represent the rivers Tagus and Douro.

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

Viriato / Viriatus (active 147 - 139 BC)
the most important leader of the Lusitanian people that resisted Roman expansion into the regions of western Hispania (Wikipedia).

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

Vasco da Gama
(Sines 1460 or '9 - Cochim, India 1524), Portuguese explorer, commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India (Wikipedia).

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquês de Pombal (Lisboa 1699 - Pombal 1782)
Portuguese statesman (Wikipedia).

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

Dom Nuno Álvares Pereira, O. Carm. (Paço do Bonjardim or Flor da Rosa 1360 - Lisboa 1431)
Portuguese general of great success who had a decisive role in the 1383-1385 Crisis that assured Portugal's independence from Castile. He later became a mystic and was later beatified by Pope Benedict XV, in 1918, and canonised by Pope Benedict XVI in 2009 (Wikipedia).

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

Tagus river

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

Douro river

Lisboa - Arca da Rua Augusta

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal, Sebastião José de
  • Coat of arms
  • Douro (personification)
  • Explorer
  • Façade with statues (secular)
  • Gama, Vasco da
  • General
  • Genius
  • Glory
  • Pereira, Nuno Álvares
  • Politician
  • Pombal, Marquis of
  • River god/goddess
  • Tagus (personification)
  • Valor
  • Viriatus
  • Locatie (N 38°42'30" - W 9°8'12")

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    Item Code: ptli014; Photograph: 28 August 2017
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt