Statues - Hither & Thither

Portugal
Lisboa
(Fr. da Estrela)
Lisboa (distrito)

Lisboa (região)

Praça da Estrela
(Basílica do Sagrado Coração de Jesus)

Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela

Statues at the Estrela Basilica

Joaquim Machado de Castro
1779-89

Lisboa /  Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela   Lisboa /  Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela

Description

The Estrela Basilica, or Royal Basilica and Convent of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, is a basilica and ancient carmelite convent, built by order of Queen Maria I of Portugal, as a fulfilled promise for giving birth to a son (José, Prince of Brazil). Construction started in 1779 and the basilica was finished in 1790, after the death of José caused by smallpox in 1788. The Estrela Basilica was the first church in the world dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

In the center of the façade is a relief of the Sacred Heart, flanked by statues of four virtues on top of columns. At the sides are four niches with saints' statues.

The sculptures are executed by Joaquim Machado de Castro and his office: Alexandre Gomes [n.d.], João José Elveni (activo em 1747), José Joaquim Leitão (1731-1811), José Patrício (active 1779-1789); Faustino José Rodrigues [n.d.] and Giovani Chiari (active 1807-17).

Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
Adoração do Sagrado Coração de Jesus / Adoration of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

Four virtues

Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela

Fé / Faith
Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
devoção
Devoção / Devotion
Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
gratidão
Gratidão / Gratitude
Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
liberalidade
Liberalidade / Generosity

Saints

Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
Santo Elias / St. Elijah
prophet (Wikipedia)
Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
Santa Teresa de Ávila / St. Teresa of Avila
born Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada (Gotarrendura, Ávila 1515 - 1582), prominent Spanish mystic, Carmelite nun (Wikipedia).
Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
São João da Cruz
born Juan de Yepes Alvarez (Fontiveros, Old Castile 1542 - Ubeda, Andalusia 1591), Spanish mystic, Carmelite friar and priest (Wikipedia).
Lisboa - Estátuas na Basílica da Estrela
Santa Maria Madalena de Passi / St. Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi
(Firenze/Florence 1566 - Firenze 1607), Italian Carmelite nun and mystic prophet (Wikipedia)

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Christ (Sacred Heart)
  • Devotion
  • Elijah
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Faith (Fides)
  • Generosity
  • Gratitude
  • John of the Cross, St.
  • Machado de Castro, Joaquim
  • Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi, St.
  • Teresa of Ávila, St.
  • Location N 38°42'48" W 9°9'37"

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: ptli062; Photograph: 30 August 2017
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt