Statues - Hither & Thither

United States of America
Denver
Colorado

Lincoln Street
(State Capitol Grounds)

Civil War Monument

Captain John D. Howland & J. Otto Schweizer
Bureau Brothers
1909

Denver /  Civil War Monument   Denver /  Civil War Monument

Description

Bronze figure of a Union Soldier facing South, on a stone base, with - on all four sides - on the top level the years 1861-1865 and below that:

ERECTED BY THE
STATE OF COLORADO

Inscription(s)

There are four tablets, eacht with the name COLORADO and the state seal. The one on the front has the text:
COLORADO TERRITORY ORGANIZED
february 28, 1861

COLORADO ADMITTED AS A STATE
august 1, 1876
CENSUS OF TERRITORY IN 1861 - 25,331
WAR GOVERNORS
WILLIAM GILPIN 1861 to 1862
richard ed. whitsitt, adjutant general
JOHN EVANS 1862 to 1865
david h. moffat jr. adjutant general

MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE CIVIL WAR
FIRST COLORADO INFANTRY
later first colorado cavalry
col. john p. slough col. john m. chivington
SECOND COLORADO INFANTRY
col. jesse h. leavenworth
THIRD COLORADO INFANTRY
later consolidated with second inf. to form second colo. cay.
col. james h. ford
THIRD COLORADO CAVALRY
col. geo. l. shoup
McLAIN'S INDEPENDENT BATTERY

VOLUNTEER SOLDIERS CREDITED to COLORADO – 4,903
highest average of any state or territory and with no draft or bounty

BATTLES AND ENGAGEMENTS

[list]

GOLD DISCOVERRED
in western kansas territory, commonly called pike's peak, in 1858
by green russell, george a. jackson, j.h. gregory and others

The other three sides has the text:
to the memory of colorado soldiers
who died in the civil war, als follows:

Followed by lists of regiments and names. The one on the north side concludes with THE UNKNOWN DEAD in a laurel wreath.

There is a newer plaque on the stones surrounding the memorial that reads:

   The controversy surrounding this Civil War Monument has become a symbol
of Coloradans' struggle to understand and take responsibility for our past. On
November 29, 1864. Colorado's First and Third Calvary, commanded by Colonel
John Chivington, attacked Chief Black Kettle's peaceful camp of Cheyenne and
Arapaho Indians on the banks of Sand Creek, about 180 miles southeast of here.
In the surprise attack, soldiers killed more than 150 of the villages 500
inhabitants. Most of the victims were elderly men, women and children.

   Though some civilians and military personnel immediately denounced the attack
as a massacre, others claimed the village was a legitimate target. This Civil War
monument, paid for from funds by the Pioneers' Association and State, was
erected on July 24, 1909, to honor all Colorado Soldiers who had fought in battles
in the Civil War and elsewhere. By Designating Sand Creek a
battle, the monument's designers mischaracterized the actual events. Protests
led by some Sand Creek descendants and others throughout the twentieth
century have led to the widespread recognition of the tragedy as the Sand
Creek Massacre.

This plaque was authorized by Senate Joint Resolution 99-017.

Signature

J. Otto Schweizer / Philadelphia Pa
bureau bros. / philadelphia

Annotation

The statue was unveiled on July 24, 1909 using donations from both the taxpayers as well as the Colorado Pioneer's Association. The statue was designed by Howland, but actually molded by Schweizer.

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

Location (N 39°44'21" - W 104°59'8")

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Item Code: usco38; Photograph: 17 October 2010
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